# Quantitative Analysis

Advanced Economics Topics gives students an introduction on multiple movements such as Jane Jacob’s work and Innovations in the ever changing Urban landscape.

**Topics covered**

- Economics
- Empirical Verification
- Ecnomies of Agglomeration
- Hub Cities and Transport Costs
- Urban Land Values
- Jacob’s Urban Economics
- City Instabilities
- Jacobs’ Spectrum of Economic Regions
- Innovation

Part 1 – General Information. 4

Who is Charles-Albert Ramsay?. 4

Part 2 – Research Methods Review.. 5

1 – What is Social Science?. 6

2 – How to Build Knowledge Scientifically?. 8

1 – Some Guiding Principles. 32

2 – Interpretation of Data. 33

3 – Characteristics, Populations and Statistics. 37

*Part 5 – The Distribution of Observations* 51

1 – What is a Distribution?. 52

2 – First Moment: Central Tendency. 56

7 – Second Moment: Dispersion. 73

*Part 6 – Comparing Variables* 101

1 – Bivariate Table of Data. 102

2 – Longitudinal Scatter Plots. 105

3 – Bivariate Scatter Plots. 107

3b – Which technique to use to measure association?. 109

5 – Coefficient of Determination. 115

6b – Calculating the Line of Best Fit 123

8 – Multivariate Regression. 131

*Part 7 – Basic Tools of Statistical Inference* 135

3a – Probabilities Applied to Inference. 150

3b – Quintiles, Deciles, and Percentiles. 151

4 – Central Limit Theorem.. 153

5 – Standard Error of the Mean. 156

6b – Overlapping Confidence Intervals. 163

*Part 8 – Using Inference to Test a Scientific Hypothesis* 166

1 – Simple Sample Mean Hypothesis Test 167

3 – Differentiated Sample Hypothesis Test 178

*Part 10 – A Science Project* 194

2 – Defining Variables and Operationalization. 196

1 – Documenting the Literature Review.. 200

3 – Quick and Dirty Number Guide. 202

# Sample

# Course Content

## Urban Economics CH 2.2 Hub Cities

Chapter 2 – Cities 2 – Hub Cities and Transport Costs Why Should I Care? - This Lecture Has 2 Parts Transport Costs Criticism - What is a Hub City? Cities are usually transportation hubs. Places where boats and trucks, meet planes and any other mode of transportation....